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The pronoun that in this sentence refers to
Refugee team to compete at Olympics in Rio
Read the following passage, paying attention to the words numbered 1-5
Gene Wilder’s passing away, the eternal Willy Wonka
Gene Wilder, (1) who established himself as one of America’s foremost comic actors with his delightfully neurotic performances in three films directed by Mel Brooks; his eccentric star turn in the family classic “Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory”; and (2) his winning chemistry with Richard Pryor in the box-office smash “Stir Crazy,” died early Monday morning at his home in Stamford, Conn. He was 83. With his haunted blue eyes and an empathy born of his own history of psychic distress, he aspired to touch audiences much as Charlie Chaplin had. The Chaplin film “City Lights,” he said, had “made the biggest impression on me as an actor; (3) it was funny, then sad, then both at the same time”. Mr. Wilder was an accomplished stage actor as well as a screenwriter, a novelist and the director of four movies in (4) which he starred. (He directed, he once said, “in order to protect what I wrote, which I wrote in order to act.”) But he was best known for playing roles on the big screen that might have been ripped from the pages of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. He made his movie debut in 1967 in Arthur Penn’s celebrated crime drama, “Bonnie and Clyde,” in which he was memorably hysterical as an undertaker kidnapped by the notorious Depression-era bank robbers played by Faye Dunaway and Warren Beatty. He was even more hysterical, and even more memorable, a year later in “The Producers,” the first film by Mr. Brooks, (5) who later turned it into a Broadway hit. Available at: <http://www.nytimes.com/2016/08/30/movies/gene-wilder-dead.html?_r=0>. Accessed on: 20 ago. 2016 As far as textual cohesion is concerned, analyze the following statements about the text above. I – The pronoun “who” (in 1) refers forward to “America’s foremost comic actors”. II – The pronoun “his” (in 2) refers back to the subject “Richard Pryor”. III – The pronoun “it” (in 3) refers back to either “Chaplin” or “actor”, resulting in ambiguity. IV – The pronoun “which” (in 4) refers back to “Mr. Wilder”. V – The pronoun “who” (in 5) can be replaced by “which”, without any problem.
After analyzing items I-V, check the CORRECT option.
Published in 1981, Todd Strasser’s The Wave recounts a true incident that took place in a history class at a Palo Alto, California, high school in 1969. The teacher of the class, Ron Jones, (1)__________ is fictionally renamed Ben Ross in the book, actually formulated the experiment described in the narrative in an effort to help his students understand how the Holocaust could have happened without the mass condemnation of the German people. What begins as a simple class project quickly takes on a life of its own, (2) __________, as students conform mindlessly to the experimental system, and others are pressured ruthlessly to join in. Group dynamics and peer influence bordering on coercion create a sinister atmosphere of fear and mistrust, The Wave spontaneously takes on the characteristics of a cult. The event disrupts an entire school (3) __________ raises a plethora of dark questions concerning responsibility, freedom, and group dynamics. Ron Jones calls it “one of the most frightening events ever experienced in the classroom.” As a novelization of a teleplay by Johnny Dawkins, based on a short story by Ron Jones, Strasser’s book (4) __________ not have attracted an abundance of criticism as a literary entity in itself, (5) __________ The Wave clearly holds an important place in the canon of young adult literature. (…) Available at: <http://www.enotes.com/topics/the-wave/critical-essays>. Accessed on: 20 set. 2016
Choose the CORRECT alternative..